By Douglas Richard Parks, Lula Nora Pratt
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This is the French variation of the ebook. This dossier seems a leak from the publishing corporation because it nonetheless has the printer's marks (color bars / registration marks). The textual content is complete.
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Extra resources for A dictionary of Skiri Pawnee (Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians)
P + kaksaa- ‘call’ + -waa DIST + -Ø PERF Rule 21. r-Stopping Rule. The sonorant r becomes the voiceless stop t when occurring after an obstruent. Thus, r â t / Obs. B Note that t is not included among the obstruents to which this rule applies since t has already been changed to h when it precedes r (see rule above); that is, the combination t + r changes to hr (which then reduces to h). Rule 22. Labial Glide Loss. Although the details of this process are more complex than presented here, in verb derivation a w in a preceding syllable is generally lost when the following morpheme begins in w.
Murie, in contrast, as well as the Skiri speakers with whom Lesser and Weltfish worked in the late 1920s and 1930s, consistently had geminate tt. In the 1960s and 1970s, all of the speakers with whom I collaborated also always had tt, except for Mrs. Pratt, whose speech consistently had kt. There were several lexical items that she pronounced with a geminate tt, but they were clearly exceptions. When she repeated the sound-recorded speech of other Skiri speakers, she was oblivious to the articulation of geminate tt clusters, repeating them consistently as kt, even when I remarked on the difference.
All verbs occur in both independent and subordinate forms. Independent forms do not take a suffix, whereas subordinate forms do take one. Each of the major classes of verbs is, in part, defined by its distinctive subordinate suffix, which defines its class. Descriptive stems, for example, take the subordinate suffix -u, while locative verbs take the suffix -wi. Active and stative verbs, in contrast, belong to one of four subclasses, of which two are marked by different vowel suffixes, one by a final-syllable stress change, and one by the lack of a suffix.
A dictionary of Skiri Pawnee (Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians) by Douglas Richard Parks, Lula Nora Pratt