By Ronald A. Reis
This publication tells of the contribution of African americans to the reason for the Union within the American Civil conflict. before everything kept away from, loose blacks and ex-slaves ultimately donned uniforms and fought in additional than four hundred battles. regardless of blatant prejudice and discrimination, they proved their valour and contributed highly to the good fortune of the Union.
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Extra resources for African Americans and the Civil War (The Civil War: a Nation Divided)
On the night of May 23, three runaway slaves paddled across Chesapeake Bay and up to Fort Monroe. The fugitives were given shelter for the night, and the next morning were put to work building a new bakery within the fort. Two days later, a Confederate army major named Cary, carrying a flag of truce, crossed over to the fort and met with General Butler. The following exchange took place between the two men, and would eventually lead to the most important consequences for African-American participation in the Civil War.
Storming those bluffs would prove to be an extremely difficult undertaking. On the evening of May 26, Crowder, Cailloux, and the 1,080 men making up a pair of black regiments of the Native Guard waited in readiness to attack at dawn. They were told that black soldiers were to lead the army’s charge. This was the chance for the African-American soldiers to prove their bravery, their moment of truth. It was a disaster in planning. As the black regiments got within 200 yards (180 meters) of the main Confederate works, the enemy “opened with a hail of canister shell and rifle fire that ripped through the lines of black troops,” as reported by Joseph Glatthaar.
Emancipation, however, was clearly coming. Slowly, haltingly, but undeniably, the move was on to free the slaves. ” With border states opposing the idea, the plan never made it through Congress. Yet black public opinion was positive and saw Lincoln’s offer as a major shift in administration policy. “That the president of these United States sent a message to Congress proposing a means of securing the emancipation of the slaves, was an event which sent a thrill of joy throughout the North,” the African-American newspaper the Anglo-African stated editorially.
African Americans and the Civil War (The Civil War: a Nation Divided) by Ronald A. Reis